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Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

Overview

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is a national campaign officially launched on 2nd October 2014 by theGovernment of India, covering 4041 statutory towns, to clean the streets, roads and infrastructure of the country It is India's biggest ever cleanliness drive and 3 million government employees and school and college students of India participated in this event. The mission was started byPrime Minister Shri. Narendra Modi. It has been carried forward since then with people from allwalks of life joining it. CSIR-IICT also took initiative for this prestigious Abhiyan.

The components of the programme as listed in the SBM guidelines are:

  • Construction of individual sanitary for households below the poverty line with subsidy (80%) where demand exists
  • Conversion of dry latrines (pit latrines without a water seal) into low-cost sanitary latrines.
  • Construction of exclusive village sanitary complexes for women providing facilities for hand pumping, bathing, sanitaion and washing on a selective basis where there is not adequate land or space within houses and where village panchayats are willing to maintain the facilities
  • Setting up of sanitary marts
  • Total sanitation of villages through the construction of drains, soakage pits, solid and liquid waste disposal
  • Intensive campaign for awareness generation and health education to create a felt need for personal, household and environmental sanitation facilities
  • End of manual scavenging of garbage

Specific objectives are

  • Elimination of open defecation
  • Conversion of unsanitary toilets to pour flush toilets
  • 100% collection and processing/disposal/reuse/recycling of municipal solid waste
  • A behavioural change in people regarding healthy sanitation practices
  • Generation of awareness among citizens about sanitation and its linkages with public health
  • Supporting urban local bodies in designing, executing and operating waste disposal systems
  • Facilitating private-sector participation in capital expenditure and operation and maintenance costs for sanitary facilities

To achieve these objectives, and to educate common man in rural areas, Director CSIR-IICT has taken initiative in Nalgonda and Warangal Districts of Telangana State

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